Learn to Crochet! {The Basics – Photo Tutorial}

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Fall is the perfect time to take up crochet.  With the cooler temperatures you can take advantage of more time spent inside by making items for friends and family.  Little ones can wear your cozy creations as the weather cools off, or you can snuggle up under a throw or blanket you made yourself!  Crochet items also make great gifts – something to consider with the holidays right around the corner!Learn the basics of crochet with this step-by-step photo tutorial from TheDomesticHeart.com. Includes a free crochet hat pattern for fall.

Crochet Basics: How to Get Started

A few months ago, I shared this crochet tutorial on DIYready.com, but thought it would be good to share it on the blog, so that all of my readers could benefit from it as well!  Crochet really is easy once you get the hang of it and is one of those things that can bring you a quick return on your investment of learning time.

With just a little basic knowledge and a few stitches, you can be well on your way to crocheting hats, scarves, blankets, potholders, and much more!  Below I am going to share the absolute basics with you so you can get started on all those projects you’ve pinned on Pinterest!

First, you will need to make sure you have all the supplies you will need; the good thing is you don’t need much to get started!  Here’s the list:

Learn the basics of crochet with this step-by-step photo tutorial from TheDomesticHeart.com.  Includes a free crochet hat pattern for fall.Yarn – worsted weight (size 4 on most yarn packages) is a good one to start with; its easy to work with and used for a variety of projects.

– Hook – size H is a good first hook to buy as it pairs well with worsted weight yarn and can be used for a variety of projects

– Scissors

– Embroidery needle – for weaving in your ends

– Pattern – start with something easy, like my crochet apple hat patternCotton Apple Hat - free crochet pattern from TheDomesticHeart.com

For more information on crocheting a hat, see my tutorial “how to crochet a hat”.

Next, you will need to understand basic crochet terms in order to read patterns.  I will be demonstrating most of these for you.

 

Basic Terms and Abbreviations:

– Slip knot – this is how you will begin projects that are crocheted in rows.

– Magic circle – this is how you will begin projects that are crocheted in the round.

– In the round – this type of crochet is stitched in one direction, without turning at the end of the row; used mostly for hats

– sl. st. = slip stitch

– ch. = chain

– SC = single crochet stitch

– HDC= half double crochet stitch

– DC = double crochet stitch

– spc(s) = space(s)

– yarn over = lay yarn from your working end over your hook in order to draw it through your loop

– R1, R2, etc = you will see this in most crochet patterns; it can stand for row or round and signifies the number of the row or round you are on; following it will be directions for crocheting that particular row or round

– Fasten off – this simply means to cut your threads and weave in your ends so the work is “finished”

Let’s get started.

Slip stitch

Step 1: Wrap the yarn around your first two fingers, making a loop

Step 2: Insert your hook under the first loop of yarn, reaching for the one behind it

Step 3: Use your hook to grab the yarn that is behind the loop and pull it through

Step 4: Pull your slip knot tight.  It should look like the picture:Learn the basics of crochet with this step-by-step photo tutorial from TheDomesticHeart.com.  Includes a free crochet hat pattern for fall.

You now have one loop and two pieces of yarn;  the end that is cut is called the free end, the other is the working end and is what you will use to crochet.

Chain

Step 1: Yarn over your hook from your working end

Step 2: Hook the yarn and draw through your loop (slip knot); you have made one chain stitch

Step 3: Let’s chain 10 for practiceLearn the basics of crochet with this step-by-step photo tutorial from TheDomesticHeart.com.  Includes a free crochet hat pattern for fall.

This is how you form your foundation chain to begin every crochet project; you will always chain the number of times specified in your pattern; the slip knot does not count in this number

Single crochet

Step 1: Insert hook into the 2nd chain from hook

Step 2: Yarn over

Step 3: Draw yarn through loop; you should now have two loops on your hook

Step 4: Yarn over again

Step 5: Draw yarn through both loops on hook

Step 6: Continue your sc across your row then chain three and turn your work (this is called the “turning chain” Learn the basics of crochet with this step-by-step photo tutorial from TheDomesticHeart.com.  Includes a free crochet hat pattern for fall.

 Double crochet

Step 1: Yarn over

Step 2: Insert hook into 2nd stitch

Step 3: Yarn over

Step 4: Draw yarn through loop

Step 5: You should now have three loops on your hook

Step 6: Yarn over and draw through the first two loops on your hook

Step 7: You now have two loops on your hook

Step 8: Yarn over and draw through remaining two loops

Step 9: Continue dc across your previous row of scLearn the basics of crochet with this step-by-step photo tutorial from TheDomesticHeart.com.  Includes a free crochet hat pattern for fall.

Fasten off

Step 1: Cut off your working end

Step 2: Pass end of yarn through your loop

Step 3: Pull tight

Step 3: Weave ends into your work using needle

Step 4: Cut remaining yarnLearn the basics of crochet with this step-by-step photo tutorial from TheDomesticHeart.com.  Includes a free crochet hat pattern for fall.

Other Tips:

~Try crocheting your foundation chain with a hook a size larger than what you will use for your pattern.  This will make it easier to access the loops on your first row.

~ When crocheting your first row on your foundation chain, turn the chain over and crochet into the single loop on the back instead of trying to insert into both loops on the front.

~ The most amazing resource for free crochet (and knitting) patterns is ravelry.com.  Its free to create an account and you can browse thousands of free patterns and save them to your favorites.  You can also upload and share your creations!  But be careful- it’s addicting.  You were warned.

~ To get you started, here’s a collection of crochet supplies you can order and have shipped straight to your door!  How easy is that?
   

Also, feel free to leave any questions you might have in the comments below.  Have fun!

From my {domestic} ♥ to yours,

 

Shelly


Comments

  1. says

    I love your post. What great information. I love to crochet, and have been since I was a child. Your explanations of the basics are wonderful and so easy to follow. I was wondering if I could share your wonderful post on my blog?
    Leslie recently posted…The Real Santa ClausMy Profile

  2. Aubrey says

    I was wondering if you have any info for the hat that is in picture? The one with the button, looking for a pattern for it…
    Thanks!

  3. Ashley Hutson says

    I am an experienced crochet, would love to know the stitchs???… looks like a hdc in third loop for some of the rounds? So cute.

  4. Stephanie says

    I really love the baby boy hat you have posted at the top of the page. What pattern is that and where could I find it?

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